King Arthur's Pedigree and Family: A Sourcebook

A collection of medieval Welsh, Gaelic, and Latin references to the family of King Arthur.

***Under Construction***

1.     Historical Texts and Inscriptions

2.     Chronicles, Pseudo-Historical and Hagiographic Texts

3.     Poetic and Prose Texts

4.     Medieval and Early-Modern Welsh Genealogical Tracts

5.     Irish and Scottish Material

6.     Bibliography

7.     Links


HISTORICAL TEXTS AND INSCRIPTIONS

De Excidio Britanniae [Latin Text][English Translation (Hugh Williams)] - Gildas - 6th c. - mentions the tyrant Maximus (withdrawing troops to Gaul), the "proud tyrant "(= Uortigernus/Guorthigirn) who invited Saxon mercenaries, Ambrosius Aurelianus, last of the Roman leaders , the Battle of Badon, and the wicked native kings Aurelius Caninus, Cuneglassus [= Cynlas of Rhos in later Welsh sources], Constantinus of Damnonia [who may be the same man known as Custennin Gorneu (Corneu = "of Cornwall") in later Welsh sources], Uortiporius of Demetia [=Guortepir of the Harleian MS 3859 genealogy], and Maglocū [Mailcun/Maelgwn of later Welsh sources]. Geoffrey of Monmouth later made Ambrosius Aurelius the brother of Uther Pendragon, thus making him the uncle of King Arthur, but this is likely an innovation of Geoffrey's part, as no early Welsh sources make Ambrosius and Arthur relatives.

 

Castle Dore - mid-late 6th c. - stone inscription

Drustanus

Cunomorus

[Cunomorus may or may not be the same man called Cynfawr in later Welsh genealogies]


The collocation of the names Drustanus (which may be an early form of the name Drystan/Tristan) with Cunomorus (perhaps an old form of Cynfawr) in this inscription has lead to much speculation about potential Arthurian connections, since Cynfawr is often regarded as an ancestor of King Arthur in medieval Welsh genealogies (see below) and Drystan/Tristan was early on drawn in to the Arthurian orbit in poetry and romance. It is possible, however, that the similarity of the names is purely coincidental; the name Cunormorus may mean "Sea Dog" (from Brittonic *Cuno-moros [compare the personal name Cunomorinus found on a Latin inscription from Towcester, in: Britannia, 38, 2007, p. 361], as opposed to "Great Dog", the literal translation of Cynfawr, from Brittonic *Cuno-māros) and Drustanus may not, in fact, be the correct reading of the name.

 

Pillar of Eliseg - 9th c. (stone inscription from Llan-tysilio-y-Ial, Wales - may be influenced by Historia Brittonum)
Britu (blessed by Saint Germanus)  
Guarthigern (=Vortigern) Seuira
Maximus rex [slayer of Roman king [Gratian]

Due to some serious confusion on the part of the text's compiler, Magnus Maximus appears twice in the Historia Brittonum, first as Maximianus (whose deeds in the text parallel that of the historical Magnus Maximus), then as Maximus. In Welsh texts the name was Cymricized as either Maxim or Macsen (which is also the result of confusion, as the name Macsent is more properly a faux-Cymricization of Latin Maxentius). In the Pillar of Eliseg inscription, Maximus is given a daughter named Seuira who is made the wife of Guarthigern (Vortigern) and father of Britu. Geoffrey of Monmouth has Arthur claim to be a "close relative" of Maximianus (ie Maxim[us]), but it is not does not provide us with clear details on how the two men might be related. See the pedigree below.


CHRONICLES, PSEUDO-HISTORICAL AND HAGIOGRAPHICAL TEXTS

Historia Brittonum [English Translation (William Gunn)] [Latin Text] - 9th c.

 

 

Amir, slain son of Arthur, has miraculous burial mound in Ercing

 

 

Artur, mounted knight ("miles"), fought in co-operation with British kings against the Saxons, owned a dog named Caball who left a footprint in a stone in Buellt

Guorthemir + Categirn + Pascent + Faustus (incestuous [grand]son, blessed by S. Germans)

 

*Uther [found only in glosses from two 12th, 13th c. recensions of HB, where the author suggests Uther is a ghost name**]

Guorthigirnus - king of Britain after Maxim(ian)us tyrannus

Ambrosius king of kings (rival of Guorthirigrn)

 

Guitaul

 

 

Guitolin + Bonus + Paul + Mauron

 

 

Gloiu

 

 

Constantius - 9th

 

 

Seuerus II- 8th

 

 

Maximianus - 7th (slew Gratian, took troops to Gaul, founder of Brittany, doublet of Maximus)

 

 

Maximus - 6th

 

 

Constaninus f. Canstaninius - 5th

 

 

Karitius - 4th

 

 

Seuerus - 3rd

 

 

Claudius - 2nd

Lucius [Leuer Maur] rex Britanniae - 1st Christian British king

 

Gaius Iulius Caesar - 1st visiting Roman emperor

 

 

Bellinus [derived from the historical Cunobelinus father of Adminius]

 

 

Minocannus [Derived from the historical Adminius son of Cunobelinus]

 

**The gloss reads 'mab uter britannice, filius horribilis Latine; quoniam a pueritia sua crudelis fuit' ("Mab Uter in British is filius horribilis in Latin, because he was cruel from his childhood").


Annales Cambriae [Latin Text] - 10th c. -
Arthur fought at Badon, he and Medraut fell at Battle of Camlann
[Arthurian material may be late addition to the text - no indication in early versions if Arthur and Medraut were enemies or allies, no less relatives (as in later sources); late versions of AC add that Medrawt was Arthur's betrayer and that they fell by each other's wounds]

Genealogia Sancti Winnoci [Latin Text]- 11th c. - Breton genealogy of St. Winnoc

Iudicaelus

Iuthaelus

Iuduualus

Ionas

Riatham [Though they cannot be the same person for chronological reasons, Riatham = Old Breton cognate of the name Riothamus/Riothimus]

Riwalus Britanniae dux

Derochus

Guitolus

Urbienus

Catou(i)us [= Cado/Cadwy? See Jesus College MS 20.10 and Vita Cantoci below]

Gerento [=Gereint m. Erbin? See Jesus College MS 20.10 below]


If Catou(i)ous and Gerento in this pedigree (which is of dubious origins) are derived from Welsh Cadwy son of Gereint (son of Erbin), then we have here references to cousins of Arthur.


Gesta Regum Anglorum [English Translation] [Latin Text] - William of Malmesbury - c.1125
Walwen nephew of Arthur
"Tunc in prouincia Walarum, quae Ros uocatur, inuentum est sepulchrum Walwen, qui fuit haud degener Arturis ex sorore nepos. Regnauit in ea parte Britanniae quae adhuc Walweitha uocatur: miles uirtute nominatissimus...."
"At that time [1066-87] in the Welsh province known as Ros, was found the sepulchre of Walwen, who was the by no means degenerate nephew of Arthur through his sister. He ruled in that part of Britain which is still called Walweitha [= Galloway, Gall-wyddel in Welsh] and was a warrior most famous for his courage..."

Historia Anglorum [English Translation][Latin Text] - Henry of Huntingdon - c. 1129 [plus later revision]
Belinus and Cassibellaunus, brothers and sons of Minocannus [later version, pos-HRB, substitutes Luid [alt. Liud] for Minocannus; taken from Geoffrey's Lud, brother of Cassibellaunus, sons of Heli]

Historia Regum Britannia [Latin Text] - Geoffrey of Monmouth - 1136

 

Gualguainus + Modredus (sons of Loth de Lodonesia)

 

 

Arturus [Arthurus] (husband of Ganhumara, foster dau. of Cador dux Cornubiae)

Anna (sister of Arturus)

Hoelus (son of Budicius and Arthur's sister Anna)

 

Uther Pendragon [Uter, Huspendragon, Uspanus Draconteus] +Aurelius Ambrosius + Constans (monk)

Igerna [Ingerna] (ex-wife of Gorlois dux Cornubiae)

Budicius king of Armorican Britons - fostered Uter, Aurelius, Constans

 

Constantinus (Brother of Aldroenus* the 4th king of Letauia/Armorica after Conanus)

 

 

 

[unnamed king]

 

 

 

[unnamed king]

 

 

 

[unnamed king]

 

 

 

Conanus Meriadocus (nephew of Octauius, opponent [later, ally] of Maximianus, co-conquerors of Armorica, Gaul)

 

 

Maximianus [senator, held crown after Octauius, marries Oct's dau.]

Octauius** dux Gewisseorum (usurped kingship of Britain from Constantinus, husband of Helena dau. of Coel)

 

Caradocus dux Cornubiae (counselor to Octauius, father of Mauricius)

 

*Note that Aldroen (from Old Breton Altroen) son of Salomon was accepted as a 5th century king of Brittany by late medieval and early modern Breton historians (Salomon is stated to have reigned after Grallon [or vice-versa], who succeeded Conan Meriadoc), but sources mentioing him prior to Geoffrey's HRB are lacking. In later Breton histories he is stated to be the eponymous founder of the Breton town of Châtelaudren, former capital of the province Goello (in the Chronicon Briocense we read "Audroenus rex quartus a Conano fuit; iste fecit castrum Audroeni prope Guingampum"; the town is called called Castellum Audroeni in a charter dating to 1148 concerning the church of Saint Mary of Lanleff and Castrum Audrini in a charter from 1181; the fortress' foundation dates to the 11th century). In a charter concerning Ploucasnou (OBr Ploicathnou) dating to 1061 and ascribed to Bertha de Blois (daughter of Odo II Count of Blois and wife of Alan III Duke of Brittany) and her son Conan II Duke of Brittany (brother of Hawise Duchess of Brittany, wife of Hoel II Duke of Brittany, who were the parents of Alan IV Fergant Duke of Britttany), mention is made of a witness named Pontius (or Poncius) son of Aldro(e)nus; he is likely the same person as Eudo Pontius, mentioned in the Lanleff charter above in connection with Castellum Audroeni. André-Yves Bourgès suggests that Castellum Audroeni could be named after Eudo Pontius' father Aldro(e)nus.
**Octauius is Geoffrey's faux-Latinization of Old Welsh/Breton Outam (Outham in the Breton Vita Gurthierni. and Eudaf in Middle Welsh texts).



 

Brut y Brenhindedd [Welsh Text] - 13th c.

Brut Tysilio [Welsh Text] - c. 1500

Arthur

Arthyr

Uther Pendragon + Emreys wledyc + Constans (brothers) [Uther marries Eigyr (dau. Amlawd)]

Ythr + Emrys + Constant [Yther marries Eigr dau. of Amlawd]

Custennyn + Aldwur [Aldwr] (brothers - Aldwur is king of Llydaw)

Cystennin

Kynuawr

-

[unnamed king]

-

[unnamed king]

-

Kynan Meyryadawc (nephew of Eudaf) - ally of Maxen

Cynan Mairiadawc (nephew of Eydav) - ally of Maxen + Elen dau. of Eydav

Eudaf

Eydav


The Welsh Brutiau are translations of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Brittaniae, with recognizable Welsh names de-Latinized (and, in cases where Geoffrey's names were unfamiliar to the translator, an approximate Welsh match was chosen).


Vita Goeznouii [Latin Text] (also excerpted in 14th c. Breton pseudo-history, Chronicon Briocense) - Breton Latin saint's life c. 12th c.
After Brutus & Corineus ruled Albidia, Conanus Meriadocus conquered Armorica, founding Letauia, tongue-cutting; later Uortigernus ruled, followed by Artur

Vita Gurthierni [Latin Text] (in Cartulary of Quemper. 12th c.) [Confuses Gurthiern and *Cunthiern (Kentigern)]

Gurthiern

 

Bonus

Dinoi (mother of Gurthiern) [=Thenoi, derived from vita of Kentigern]

Glou

Lidinin rex [=Lewdwn Lwydawc of Welsh genealogies]

A[m]bros

 

Dos

 

Iacob

 

Genethauc

 

Iugdual [Iudgual]

 

Beli + Kenan (kings of Laeticia [Letauia])

 

Outham Senis

Anna (mother of Beli; cousin of the Virgin Mary)

Maximiani

 

Constantius

 

Constantinus

 

Helena

 


Geoffrey of Monmouth implies and several Welsh genealogies assert that Arthur was a descendant of Eudaf Hen through his son Cynan, who appear in this dubious Breton pedigree as Outham Senis (= Senex, a translation of Welsh Hen "Old, Inveterate, Elder") and Kenan. The spelling of the name Outham indicates that it was picked up from an Old Welsh source. The insertion of Dinoi daughter od Lidinin as mother of Gurthiern indicates that the saint has been confused with Cyndeyrn (St. Kentigern), son of Denw daughter of Leuddun Llwyddog.


Vita Carantoci [English Translation] [Latin Text]- Latin saint's life - 12th-13th c. -
Arthur and Cato [=Cadw(y)] were kings in Dindraithou [in Cornwall; cf. Cormac mac Cuilennáin's Dinn Tradui]

Vita Illtuti [English Translation] [Latin Text] - anonymous Latin saint's life - 12th-13th century?
Illtutus is son of the warrior prince Bicanus of Letauii and Rieingulid daughter of Anblaud; Illtutus is cousin (consobrinus; maternal male cousin) of king Arthurus

POETIC AND PROSE TEXTS

Since the date of composition for many of these texts cannot be precisely determined, and is still a matter of debate among scholars, many of the dates given here are for manuscripts in which they are to be found (which at least gives us a rough terminus ad quem).

Jesus College MS 3, Dialogue of Arthur and the Eagle (Ymddiddan Arthur a'r Eryr) [Welsh Text] - no earlier than c. 1150 - [also has parallels info in Triads]
Arthur's nephew is Eliwlat son of Madawc son of Uthyr

Black Book of Carmarthen Mi a wum (Ymddiddan Gwyddno Garanhir a Gwyn ap Nudd) [Welsh Text] - MS dates to c. 1250 -
Llacheu son of Arthur ("uthir yg kerteu" - "pre-eminent in songs"- allusion to Uthyr as Arthur's father?)

Black Book of Carmarthen, Pa Gur [Welsh Text] - MS dates to c. 1250 - poem is c. 10th or 11th c. -
One of Arthur's men, Mabon m. Mydron, is listed as a servant [guas] of Uthir Pen Dragon

Book of Taliesin, Marwnat Vthyr Ben [Welsh Text] - early14th c. MS -
Arthur implied to be son of Uthyr

Book of Taliesin, Kadeir Teyrnon [Welsh Text] - early14th c. MS -
It is possible that the subject of the poem, the Teyrnon ("great lord"), who is said to be "of the lineage of Aladur" (o echen Aladur), may be Arthur (who is mentioned in one section of the poem).
[The identity of Aladur is a mystery, though he may be commemorated in the Welsh place names Coedladur and Nant-Ladur. It has been proposed that Aladur might be a Welsh survival of the Brittonic god Alator(ius), whi was identified with Mars. It may be significant that the Welsh Brutiau substitute the name Aldwr for Geoffrey's unfamiliar Breton name Aldroenus (uncle of Uther Pendragon)]

Book of Taliesin, 66 (*Marwnad Madawc)[Welsh Text] - early14th c. MS -
Reference to Madawc son of Uthyr

Llyfyr Gwyn o Rhydderch (White Book of Rhydderch) & Llyfyr Coch Hergest (Red Book of Hergest) - Culhwch ac Olwen [Welsh Text [Llyfr Coch Hergest)] - LGR MS dates to 1325, LCH dates to 1375-1425 - story may date to early 12th c.
Arthur, husband of Gwenhwyfar (sister to Gwenhwyfach), father of Gwydre, uncle of Gwlachmei + Gwalhauet m. Gwyar; cousin to Goreu m. Custennin (via dau. of Anlawd wledic), cousin to Culhwch m. Cilydd (via Goleudydd dau. of Anlawd)
Arthur's mother's brothers are Gweir Gwrhyd Enwir, Gweir Gwyn Paladyr, Gweir Dathar Wenidawc, Gweir m. Kadellin Tal Aryant, Llygatrud Emys and Gwrbothu Hen.
Arthur's brother "on his mother's side" is Gormant m. Ricca the Chief-ruler of Cornwall (Pennhynef Kernyw) [allusion to story that Igerna/Eigyr was married to a duke of Cornwall (dux Cornubiae/yarll Kernyw {in the Brutiau}) prior to Uthyr? But Geoofrey names the duke Gorlois].
Arthur's in-laws (via his mistress/other wife[?] Eleirch merch Iaen, as per the Hanesyn Hen pedigree listed below) are Sulyen, Bratwen, Moren, Siawn and Caradawc m. Iaen.

Llyfyr Coch Hergest - Breudwyt Ronabwy [Welsh Text] - 13th-14th c. -
Arthur, father of Llacheu

Llyfyr Coch Hergest - Gereint uab Erbin [Welsh Text] - 13th c. - 14th c. -
Arthur father of Amhar [=Amir of the Historia Brittonum], Erbin uncle to Arthur, Gereint cousin to Arthur

Llyfyr Coch Hergest - Breudwyt Macsen Wledig [Welsh Text]

Kynan (founder of Llydaw, tongue-cutter) + Adeon + Elen Luydawc

Macsen emperor of Rome (husband of Elen)

Beli (conquered by Macsen)

Eudaf Hen

 

Manogan

Karadawc

 

 

Peniarth MS 54 / Hengwrt 536 - Trioedd Ynys Prydein / Triads of Britain [Welsh text and English translation]
One of Three primary illusions of the Island of Prydain. - the illusion of Uthyr Pendragon ("Hut Uthyr Bendragon")
[no mention of any relationship to Arthur]

Peniarth MS 126
Three Elen's who went from Ynys Prydain: Elen ferch Coel, Elen ferch Eudaf, and Elen sister of Arthur, who is said to have gone with Arthur when he went to fight Frollo, and she did not return. (see: Bartrum, Peter, Welsh Classical Dictionary, Nat'l Library of Wales, 1993, p. 234).

Llyfyr Coch Hergest - Trioedd Ynys Prydein - Hergest Triads [English Translation] -[Welsh text] 13th c. - 14th c. -
One of the "Three great enchantments of the Isle fo Britain" - the Enchantment of Uthyr Pendragon which he taught to Menw son of Teirgwaedd ("hut  Uthur Penndragon. a dysgawd y Venw  uab Teirgwaed")
[no mention of any relationship to Arthur; in Culhwch ac Olwen we are told that Menw has the ability to turn people invisible]

Llyfyr Coch Hergest - Trioedd Ynys Prydein / Hergest Triad [English Translation] [Welsh text] - 13th c. - 14th c. -
When a Host went to Llychlyn. An army (of assistance) went with Yrp of the Hosts to Llychlyn. And that man came here in the time of Cadyal of the Blows(?) to ask for a levy from this Island. And nobody came with him but Mathuthavar his servant. This is what he asked from the ten-and-twenty Chief Fortresses that there are in this Island: that twice as many men as went with him to each of them should come away with him (from it). And to the first Fortress there came only himself and his servant. (And that proved grievous to the men of this Island.) And they granted it to him. And that was the most complete levy that ever departed from this Island. And with those men he conquered the way he went. Those men remained in the two islands close to the Greek sea: namely, Clas and Avena.
And the second (army) went with Elen of the Hosts and Maxen Wledig to Llychlyn: and they never returned to this Island.
And the third (army) went with Caswallawn son of Beli, and Gwennwynwyn and Gwanar, sons of Lliaw son of Nwyfre, and Arianrhod daughter of Beli their mother. And (it was) from Erch and Heledd that those men came. And they went with Caswallawn their uncle in pursuit of the men of Caesar from this Island. The place where those men are is in Gascony. The number that went with each of (those armies) was twenty-one thousand men. And those were the Three Silver Hosts of the Island of Britain.

Three Dishonoured Men who were in the Island of Britain:
One of them: Afarwy son of Lludd son of Beli. He first summoned Julius Caesar and the men of Rome to this Island, and he caused the payment of three thousand pounds in money as tribute from this Island every year, because of a quarrel with Caswallawn his uncle.
And the second is Gwrtheyrn [Vortigern] the Thin, who first gave land to the Saxons in this Island, and was the first to enter into an alliance with them. He caused the death of Custennin the Younger, son of Custennin the Blessed, by his treachery, and exiled the two brothers Emrys Wledig and Uthur Penndragon ["Uthur Pendradon"] from this Island to Armorica, and deceitfully took the crown and the kingdom into his own possession. And in the end Uthur and Emrys burned Gwrtheyrn in Castell Gwerthrynyawn beside the Wye, in a single conflagration to avenge their brother.
The third and worst was Medrawd, when Arthur left with him the government of the Island of Britain, at the same time when he himself went across the sea to oppose Lles [Lucius], emperor of Rome, who had dispatched messengers to Arthur in Caerleon to demand (payment of) tribute to him and to the men of Rome, from this Island, in the measure that it had been paid (from the time of) Caswallawn son of Beli until the time of Custennin the Blessed, Arthur's grandfather. This is the answer that Arthur gave to the emperor's messengers: that the men of Rome had no greater claim to tribute from the men of this Island, than the men of the Island of Britain had from them. For Bran son of Dyfnwal and Custennin son of Elen had been emperors in Rome, and they were two men of this Island. And they Arthur mustered the most select warriors of his kingdom (and led them) across the sea against the emperor. And they met beyond the mountain of Mynneu [the Alps], and an untold number was slain on each side that day. And in the end Arthur encountered the emperor, and Arthur slew him. And Arthur's best men were slain there. When Medrawd heard that Arthur's host was dispersed, he turned against Arthur, and the Saxons and the Picts and the Scots united with him to hold this Island against Arthur. And when Arthur heard that, he turned back with all that had survived of his army, and succeeded by violence in landing on this Island in opposition to Medrawd. And then there took place the Battle of Camlan between Arthur and Medrawd, and was himself wounded to death. And from that (wound) he died, and was buried in a hall on the Island of Afallach.

Llanstephan MS 201 - Arthur and Caledfwlch [Welsh Text]- late 14th c./early 15th c. -
Arthur is son of Uthyr Bendragon and Eigyr [who was married to Gwrleis, by whom she had the daughters Dioneta and Gwyar, the latter being the mother of Gwalchmei and Medrawt by Llew m. Cynfarch]

Hanesyn Hen pedigree
Cydfan [Kyduan] son of Arthur and Eleirch daughter of Iaen
[Plant Iaen: 1. Dirmig Corneu 2. Gwyn Goluthon 3. Siaun 4. Kyradawg 5. Ievannwy 6. Llychlyn 7. Eleirch verch Iaen mam Kyduan ap Arthur]

Y Seint Greal [English Translation] [Welsh Text] - Welsh translation of the French grail romance Perlesvaus - late 14th-early 15th c.
Uthur Benndragon is father of Arthur, Gwalchmei is Arthur's nephew

Marwnad Duran - Mostyn MS 131 - 15th c.
Duran son of Arthur?

Sandde gyr y vran
odd i ar wyneb dvran
kv anwyl i magodd i vam
Arthvr

Sandde [Bryd Angel] drive the crow
off the face of Duran
Dearly and belovedly his mother raised him.
Arthur [sang it]

 

MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN WELSH GENEALOGICAL TRACTS

Names in brackets indicate alternate spellings in other manuscripts.

Mostyn MS 117, 5

Mostyn MS 117, 6

Bonedd y Saint, 76

Bonedd y Saint, 76

Bonedd yr Arwyr, 27

Bonedd yr Arwyr, 30a [Ach Arthur]

Bonedd yr Arwyr, 30b [Ach Arthur]

Bonedd yr Arwyr, 31 [Ach Arthur]

 

 

Kyngar + Iestin + Cattw + Selyf

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dewi

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arthur

Nonn

Geraint

Geraint

 

Arthur

Arthur

Arthur

Vthyr

Eigyr [by Vthyr]

Erbin

Erbin

 

Uther

Vthyr [Vthvr bendragon, Vthr bendragon, Vthur bendragwn]

Eigyr [Eigr]

Kustenhin

Amlawd

Custenin Gornev

Kwysdenin Gornev

 

Kustennin vendigeit [Kwstenin]

Kustenin [Kwysdenin, Cwstenin, Kustein]

Amlawdd wledic [Amlawdd]

Kynuawr

 

Kynvar

Kynvawr

 

Kynor

Kynnuor [Kadvor, Kadwr, Kadvar, Kynvarch]

Kynwal

Tutwal

 

Tudwal

Tvdwal

 

Tutwal

Tudwal

Ffrwdwr

Moruawr

 

Kurmwr / Morvawr

Gwr[m]wr

Stradweul [Ystradwel, Ystrawavl; Seradwen v. Kynan a. Eudaf]

Turmwr moruawr [Turmor]

Morvawr [Mor...dd, Mornawdd]

Gwrvawr

Eudaf

 

Caden [Gadiawn]

Kadiawn [Gadiawn]

Gadean [Gadvan, Kadeaun, Gadiawn, Cadvan, Gavan]

 

Kadienn [Kaden, Kadien (after Eudaff)]

Kadi[en] [Gwdion ap Kadien]

Kadwr

 

Kynan

Kynan

Kynan

 

Kynan [Kynan (after Kriadoc), Kynan (repeated after Kyradawc)]

Kynan

Kynan

 

Evdaf

Evda hir

Eudaf

 

Evdaf [Evdaf (after Morvawr)]

Evdaf [Edaf\

Karadawc

 

Caradoc

 

Kyradawg

Karadoc

Karadoc

Kradoc

Bran

 

Bran

 

Bran

Bran

Bran

Bran

Llyr lletieith.

 

Llyr lediaith

 

Llyr llediaith

Llyr lledieith

Llyr llediaith

Llyr

 

Bonedd y Saint, 1

Bonedd yr Arwyr, 32 [Ach Arthur]

Mostyn MS 117, 4

Jesus College MS 20, 7

Jesus College MS 20, 10

Bonedd y Saint, 26

Bonedd y Saint, 27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dewi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non

Kwstenin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anna

Kadwr

 

 

 

 

Theudu

 

 

Ythur bendragon

Gwrlais iarll Kernyw (1st husb. of Eigyr)

 

 

 

 

Peredur [=Berth m. Kado in Culhwch ac Olwen]

Kybyr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cado

Selyf

Yestin [Ystin]

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gereint

Gereint

Gereint [+ Kustennin Coreneu, brother]

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erbin

Erbin

Erbin

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Custennin]

Custennyn Gorneu

Custennin Gorneu

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kynwawr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tudwawl

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gwrwawr

 

 

 

 

 

Owein [Ewein] (son of Maxen)

 

[Unnamed Wife of Coyl Hen]

Gadeon

 

 

 

 

Kynan

Maxen

Keindrech (wife of Maxen)

Gadeon

Cynan

 

 

 

 

Eudaf

 

Reiden

Eudaf Hen

Eudaf Hen

 

 

 

 

Custenin

 

Eledi

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maxen

 

Mordu

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximianus

 

Merchiawn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Constantinus

 

Kaswallawn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Custeint

Elen Luedyawc

Beli

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anna

 

 

 

 

 

Jesus College MS 20, 12

Harleian MS 3859

Cardiff copy of Hanesyn Hen, p. 77

Bodleian MS Rawlinson B 466

Maredud

Margetiut

Maredudd

Meredudd

Teudos

Teudos

[son of.......].

Tewdost

 

Regin

 

 

Gwgawn

Catgocaun

Kadwg

Kadwgon

 

 

 

Kynddelw

Cathen

Cathen

Kadeu

Kadien

Eleothen

Cloten

Gw...

 

Nennue

Nougoy

Nowy

Nowy

Arthur*

Arthur

Arth

Arthen

Peder

Petr

Pedyr

Pedyr

Kyngar

Cincar

Kyngar

Kyngar

Gwrdeber

Guortepir [may = Gildas' Uortiporius]

Gwerthefyr

Gwrthyfyr

Erbin

 

Erbin

Erbin

Ayrcol lawhir

Aircol

Aergul

Avargyl

 

 

Llawir

Llawir

Tryphun

Triphun

Tryffin

Tri usin

 

Clotri

 

 

Ewein vreisc

 

Ewein Vreisg

Owain Vraisg

Cyndwr bendigeit

 

Kyndeyrn Vendigeit

Kyndeyrn Vendigaid

Ewein

 

Ewein

Owain

Kyngar

 

Kyngar ap Ewein

Kyngar ap Owain

 

Gloitguin

Gwledyr ferch Gletwin

Gwlydyr verch Glewdwin

 

Nimet

Nyfedd

 

 

Dimet

Dofet

Dyueg

 

Maxim gulecic

 

 

Prwtech

Protec

 

 

Ewein

Protector

 

 

 

Ebiud

Ebynt

Ebynt

 

Eliud

Elynt

Elynt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stater

 

 

Miser

Pincr Misser

 

 

 

Constans

 

 

 

 

Amloyd ap Amweryd

Amloed ap Amwerid

Custennin

 

Kwstennin

Kwstenin

Maxen wledic

 

Maxen wledig

Maxgen Wledig

Maximianus

 

 

 

Constantinus

 

 

 

Custenint + Elen

Constantinus magnus

 

 

 

Constantius + Helen luicdauc

 

 

[*Note that the Arthur m. Pedr mentioned in these genealogies (as well as in the Irish Dessi genealogies collected below) is not likely to have been the King Arthur, but he was a king of c.the late 6th-early 7th century who is mentioned as the father of King Nouy/Noe of Pembrokeshire in charters from the Book of Llandaf [Liber Landavensis] and a fragment of a charter recorded by John Leland in his Itinerary [as "Arturius Petri filius"].

Bonedd y Saint, sect. 85
Efadier a Gwrial plant Llawvrodedd varchoc o Archvedd verch Arthur i mam (Efadier and Gwrial, children of Llawfrodedd the knight and Archfedd daughter of Arthur, their mother).

Jesus College MS 20 - list of British kings - 14th c.
Coel. llyr. Constans. gwreic y Constans hwnnw oed Elen verch Coel. Constantinus. Constans vanach. Gwrtheyrn. Gwertheuyr vendigeit. Emrys wledic. Vthur pendreic. Arthur. Constantinus. Aurelius. Juor Maelgwn gwyned. Caterius. Catuan. Catwallawn. Catwaladyr vendigeit. 

Late Pedigree (Bartrum, PP 58) :
King March of Cornwall ap Meirchion ap Custennin ap Cynfarch (sic) ap Tudwal

Peniarth MS 181 - Late Pedigree -mid-16th c. -
Aldwr brenin Llydaw ("king of Brittany") ap Kynfor ap Tudwal ...

 

IRISH AND SCOTTISH MATERIAL

De Causis Torche na nDeissi - Bodleian MS Laud 610 - composed c. 900-1200

Tairired na nDessi - Bodleian Rawlinsons MS B 502

Compare: Welsh Genealogy from Harleian MS 3859

Taulodar

Tualodor

Teudos

Riginn

Rigin

Regin

 

Cataconn

Catgocaun

Catien

Caittienn

Cathen

Clothienn

Clotenn

Cloten

Noe

Nee

Nougoy

Artur

Artur

Arthur

Petur

Retheor

Petr

Congar

Congar

Cincar

Goirtiben

Gartbur

Guortepir

Alcon

Alcol

Aircol

Tresunn

Trestin

Triphun m. Clotri m. Gloitguin m. Nimet m. Dimet m. Maxim m. Protec m. Protector

Aed

Aeda Brosc

[Ewein Vreisc (in Jesus College MS 20, et al.)]

Brosc

 

 

Corach

Corath

 

Echuid Allmar

Echach Almuir

Ebiud

Art Chorp

Arttcorp

 

MS Laud 610, MS Rawlinson B487, Book of Lismore (15th c.:); MS A IV, Killiney (16th c.) - Acallam na Senórach [English Translation] [Irish Text] - Irish Fenian tale composed in 12th c. -
Artur son of Beine Brit (king of Britain)
[Benne Brit "son of the king of Britain" is mentioned elsewhere in Irish literature - he is found in the tale of the Battle of Crinna and the 9th c. tale of Cath Maige Mucramma (where he is a British ally of the hero MacCon); it is not certain if the Artur mentioned in the AnS is the Arthur]

Lorgaireacht an tSoidhigh Naomhtha (Early Modern Irish translation of the Arthurian romance Quest of the Holy Grail) - 15th c. -
Cing Artur m. Ibhar

Scottish Campbell family genealogies

Leabhar Geinealach / Book of Genealogies - Dubhaltach mac Fhirbhisigh - c. 1650

Killbride version NLS MS 72 - c. 1530-1558

NLS MS 72 - c. 1467

Dubhne

Dubne

Dubne

Feradogh

Feradog

Merbe

Smerge

Smerbi

Artur

Artur

Artur

Iubar

Iobhar

Ambros

 

Lidir

Considin

 

Bernard

Amgcel

 

Muiris

Toisid

 

Magoth

Conmoc

 

Coiel

Considin

 

Catogan

Artur

 

Cadimor

Larnalin

 

Catogan

Tosid

 

Bende

Artur lamdearg

 

Mebrec

Benbriot

 

Grifin

Artur

 

Briotan

Allardad

 

Fergus Leterg

Artur

 

 

Lamdod

 

 

Fionlug

 

 

Artur og

 

 

Firmara

 

 

Artur mor

 

 

Banebriot

 

 

Briotus

 

 

Briotan

 

 

Fergus leth-derg

 

 

Nemed

 


Eachtra an Mhadra Mhaoil/Eachtra Mhacaoimh-an-Iolair (Tale of the Crop-eared Dog, Tale of the Eagle Boy) - two 18th century Irish Arthurian tales
Artur m. Iubar m. Ambros m. Constantin

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

LINKS

Bibliography of Gaelic Arthurian Literature by Linda Gowans

Article © 2012 Christopher Gwinn - last updated March 07, 2012.